Since 2009, LED road lighting has been rapidly developed under the promotion of relevant national policies. Among them, due to the introduction of the EMC (Contract Energy Management) model, the enthusiasm of the use units has been greatly improved. Manufacturers have also followed suit and constantly copied the EMC model for product promotion. At one time, the EMC model has flourished throughout the country, and the slogan of cooperation between banks and enterprises has blossomed everywhere. It seems that with EMC, the promotion of LED lighting does not exist. problem. But can the current EMC model achieve the so-called production, finance, consumption benefits and risk minimization? Does the EMC model have long-term vitality in future LED road lighting applications?
1. Is the EMC model a profitable mode under current energy-saving conditions?
The EMC model is that the bank provides financial loans, and the owner or the production enterprise obtains the loan for the production of the lamps and lanterns to be used by the owner, and then the owner unit will repay the electricity expenses caused by the energy saving. Therefore, whether the maximization of the interests of the three parties and the minimization of risks can be achieved depends entirely on the energy-saving effect of the LED lamps at this stage. As for the energy-saving effect of LED lamps, although the current market statement is uneven, it is certain that most of the lighting manufacturers intentionally or unintentionally exaggerate the actual energy-saving effect, and the energy-saving 60-70% argument is full of flying. Here I use 50% energy saving to calculate, in the case of such energy-saving ratio, combined with the current market purchase price of LED lamps, EMC's model can be profitable.
Traditional street lamps use high-pressure sodium lamps as the light source for illumination. Generally speaking, road lighting uses 250 watts and 400 watts of high-pressure sodium lamps. If the energy-saving ratio is 50%, the replacement of 250-watt high-pressure sodium lamps requires 125 watts. LED street lights, the daily power saving is about 125 watts * 11 hours / kWh = 1.375 kWh, and the current electricity cost of urban road lighting is about 0.8 yuan / kWh, so the daily electricity savings is about 1.1 yuan, It is 401.5 yuan per year. How much does it cost to buy a 125-watt LED street light? The market price is about 30 yuan/watt, which is 3,750 yuan. Therefore, without considering the factors such as rising prices and interest, the bank can make the money smooth in 9.35. The recycling is completed. According to the ideal LED lamp life of 50,000 hours, in the case of street lamps, that is, 11.4 years, I would like to ask, such investment recovery conditions and recycling time to protect whose interests? Who can protect the interests? This model is Is the profit model?
Second, the role of the transformation
I have heard a lot of these sayings, saying that we have to count the annual maintenance costs of using high-pressure sodium lamps. This idea has caused me a lot of worry, because this statement means to change our role, we will transform from product manufacturers to service providers.
When the maintenance cost is also calculated into the EMC mode, it means that the lamp manufacturer has to bear the maintenance work of the street lamp. This is quite a nuisance. The person in the street lamp management department will be very clear, and the unit that has actually done the lamp maintenance. It is also very clear. We have to think about it. The streetlight management department is a non-profit organization. It is a mistake in itself to take over his non-profit work to achieve your profitability.
Of course, some companies will think that LED street lights have a low failure rate, long life, low maintenance costs, and so on. But actually? First, the failure rate of street lights is not as low as we expected. Second, there are many kinds of street lamp failures, not only the problems of lamps, but also many human factors. These are within the scope of your maintenance.
So I remind everyone, don't try to change your role positioning, this is very dangerous. What we are doing now is the revolution of the light source. It is not the life of the road lamp. We have to replace the high-pressure sodium lamp, not the comrades of the street lamp.
Third, energy-saving auditing and payment of energy-saving funds
Let me talk about the first, energy-saving audit. How much energy is saved, who has the final say? Is there an independent authority to give a clear answer? At least not at present, there are no independent documents and procedures with authoritative legal effects to protect your energy savings. Without protection means risk. It means that one day your energy-saving situation may not be recognized. This is a huge loophole. If there is such a loophole, it means that someone may take advantage of it. As long as someone is taking advantage of it, it means our risk. Being infinitely magnified, this is not silent. Such things are happening now. Those who are arrogant, in the current social situation of such a well-developed network consultation, will sooner or later expose problems, and once exposed, it will be a huge harm to the entire industry. The city gate caught fire and the pool fish, and there was an egg under the nest.
Second, the payment of energy-saving funds is also a problem, because including the maintenance costs mentioned above, these are the money that has not been saved and saved. According to the current budget, the actual sales model, how to spend this part of the cost Therefore, this is also a big problem. If the relevant departments do not introduce relevant policies to solve this problem, this risk cannot be avoided.